Harland & Wolff Engineering Drawing 30/2/65405
Original Harland & Wolff Engineering Drawing of a Joint Strap for Front Door on linen waxed paper.
Harland & Wolff Engineering Drawings
This collection of Harland & Wolff Drawings are unique with a very distinctive smell and feel to them. They give you a small glimpse of the Harland & Wolff in the 1930s. Each Drawing is drawn to scale and by hand on the stiffened wax linen paper. The iconic photographs of the Drawing Offices show the importance of this role.
The very earliest technical drawings are on cartridge paper and tracing paper. It was found not to be durable enough for frequent printing. As a consequence, there was a necessity to find a fabric with a more robust and durable surface. Linen was in abundance at this time. It was found that if it was treated with a waxy substance it became stiff. Thereby giving a surface stiff which was able to withstand frequent alterations in pencil.
Draughtsmen/Architects in the Yard’s light and airy Drawing Offices designed the item or ship to scale in pencil. Tracers, mainly ladies completed the penciled Engineering Drawings, Plans, and Rigging Plans in Indian Ink. Once signed off it could be printed and distributed around the Yard.
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Signed and dated in Indian Ink by the Engineer and the Supervisor on 9th November 1938.
Engineering Drawings from Harland & Wolff.
The earliest technical drawings are on cartridge paper in ink and pencil. These were often were tinted with delicate colour washes. In order to reproduce the Drawings for work around the Yard, a transparent medium was necessary. Tracing Paper was used initially.
Linen Wax Paper replaced Tracing Paper for general office us. This Drafting Fabric was treated with a waxy substance to stiffen it. This made the surface fit for drawing in either ink or pencil. Even to this day, these Engineering Drawings have a very distinctive smell and feel. The waxed fabric was found to be more durable and was able to withstand frequent alterations. Therefore it lasted better through the printing machines. However, it was still susceptible to tearing.
Finally, Tracers, mainly ladies completed the draughtsmen’s pencilled Engineering Drawings, Plans and Rigging Plans in Indian Ink. They were ready for printing. From here they were distributed around the Yard for construction. Once they wore out another tracing might be made.